Digital platform food delivery riders strike in the Philippines, highlighting unfair and hazardous working conditions throughout the Asia-Pacific region

Digital platform food delivery riders strike in the Philippines, highlighting unfair and hazardous working conditions throughout the Asia-Pacific region

The newly formed Union of Delivery Riders in Digital Platforms-SENTRO-IUF launched strike action for the first time on July 11, 2022, in General Santos in the Philippines. The digital platform food delivery riders are demanding fair and just delivery earnings, an end to arbitrary and unfair suspension and terminations (including the “off-boarding” of riders’ accounts without due process), as well as calling for accident insurance coverage.

The strike action comes at a time when more digital platform food delivery riders are getting organized. While spontaneous protests and strikes have been common in Southeast Asia in recent years, organized protest increased during the pandemic. Designated as essential workers recognized as providing a vital service, they continue to be subject to the uncertainty and mental stress of malicious complaints leading to unfair punishment, and unexplained changes in earnings. This adds to the existing pressure of fast delivery times and unsafe working conditions, including road accidents and heat stress.


On June 26, 2022, digital platform food delivery riders joined restaurant workers and fast food workers in the IUF Asia/Pacific Regional Food Services Workers Meeting. Over 115 participants from six countries joined the meeting to discuss the challenges faced by food service workers despite being recognized as essential workers in the pandemic. The meeting identified the urgent need for more food service workers to form and join unions – including digital platform food delivery riders – to build the collective bargaining power needed to secure the stable, decent incomes and safe work that essential workers deserve.


11 JULY 2022



Led by the Food Panda Delivery riders from General Santos, members of Union of Delivery Riders in Digital Platforms (UDRDP) the SENTRO and IUF City demands better working conditions by providing fair and just delivery earnings, stoppage of rampant suspension and termination (off-boarding) of riders account without due process and Accident Insurance.

Despite their equally important functions and the regular nature of their work, Food Panda delivery riders  more often get lower income and zero benefits; but have heavier workloads; are more prone to road and traffic hazards and sexual harassment or outright assaults from customers; and remains no employee-employer relationships with the delivery platforms – effectively denying them the economic benefits and political gains that may be enjoyed by regular workers, including the right to join a union and to receive additional rights and benefits from a collective bargaining agreement (CBA).

The UDRDP lamented that the Food Panda delivery riders are treated as “delivery-partners, free-lancers and independent contractors” which justify their lower wages, although they: work 12-15hrs a day; work within strict time limits (the company requires them to come to work at an appointed time, report their work-break by lunch time and go to a place it designates); and can be suspended or terminated by the food panda.

UDRDP also pointed out that some areas do not have designated waiting areas forcing the delivery riders to find shed under the trees, parking areas and besides the roads; do not have personal protective equipment and do not have regular road and traffic safety trainings. That this blatant disregard for or violation of occupational safety and health standards (OSHS) may result not only to temporary injury but also to permanent disability and death of the delivery riders.

Foremost of these demands are the regularization of employment of delivery riders, wages and benefits befitting their permanent work status, strict observance of OSHS, among others.

The UDRDP-SENTRO/IUF is set to hold more mobilizations until Food Panda heeds their demand to stop the illegal termination/off boarding and suspension of delivery riders and to sit down in a meeting with the union about the fair earnings and insurance.

UDRDP is the Union of Delivery Riders in Digital Platform which is affiliated to the national labor center SENTRO (Sentro ng mga Nagkakaisa at Progresibong Manggagawa); and the Geneva-based IUF (International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers’ Associations).

One year after the Sajeeb Group factory fire tragedy, food workers’ unions in Bangladesh call for the right to a safe workplace

One year after the Sajeeb Group factory fire tragedy, food workers’ unions in Bangladesh call for the right to a safe workplace

IUF Food & Beverage Workers Council-Bangladesh Press Release – July 8, 2022

1 year after the Sajeeb Group factory fire tragedy – IUF Food & Beverage Workers Council-Bangladesh commemorates the tragic death of workers

The IUF Food and Beverage Workers Council-Bangladesh recalls the tragic death of 54 workers, including 19 children, and the injuries of many more workers in the Sajeeb Group’s Hashem Foods factory fire on 8 July, 2021.

The Council paid tribute to the victims of the fire tragedy in a commemoration meeting held today at the National Press Club, Dhaka. The Council demanded exemplary punishment for the owner of Sajeeb Group, who failed to provide a safe working environment for the workers and violated laws, leading to the tragic deaths of workers. Reaffirming the commitment to continue fighting for workers’ right to a safe workplace across the food industry in Bangladesh, Council members also demanded compensation for the workers killed and injured in the Hashem Foods fire tragedy in accordance with ILO Convention No.121.

To ensure the health and safety of workers and to prevent any recurrence of further killings of workers at the Hashem Foods as well as other food factories, the speakers called for a tripartite body to monitor working conditions in the food industry as part of implementing the ILO Roadmap adopted by the International Labour Conference on 10 June, 2021.

Hasnain, 11, was one of 19 children who died in the Hashem Foods factory fire

Speakers noted that in the year since the tragic fire at Sajeeb Group’s factory, the families of the killed and injured workers have not been properly compensated and the factory is still not safe. Investigations reported by various government agencies, including the Narayanganj district administration, revealed that child labour worked in the Hashem Foods factory, there was no safe working environment and the factory owner violated laws. Despite that, the factory is running and workers are working there. There are also allegations that in other factories under the Sajeeb Group of Companies, workers are still working with hazardous and unsafe working conditions. The speakers demanded severe punishment of owner of Hashem Foods for killing 19 children, including 11 years old child Hasnain.

The speakers also said that safe workplace is a basic human right of all workers. It is the employer’s responsibility to ensure a safe workplace and the government responsibility to ensure that employers meet their obligations in the workplace to provide workers’ safety and that work arrangements are safe for workers. Thus the government cannot avoid the responsibility of the loss of lives and injuries of the workers due to unsafe workplaces.

The meeting was presided over by IUF Food & Beverages Workers Council-Bangladesh member PVM Employees Union President, Kamrul Hasan Polash, and conducted by IUF Asia pacific national officer Nasrin Sultana. The convenor of the Sajeeb Group Workers Justice Committee, Abdul Mazid, Member Secretary Golam Sorowor, President of Coca-Cola Employees Union Md. Abul Kalam, Joint director of COAST Foundation Mujibul Haque Munir, Organizing Secretary of PVM Employees Union Khorshed Alom, SGWJC members Sharmin Akter, Md Raihan and the representative of IUF Food and Beverage Workers Council-Bangladesh member unions spoke at the meeting.

At the end of the  commemoration meeting prayer was offered for the peace of the departed soul of the workers who died in the Hashem Foods tragedy on July 8, 2021.

Coca-Cola Bangladesh workers resume protest despite physical threats and intimidation by the company’s gangster contractor

Coca-Cola Bangladesh workers resume protest despite physical threats and intimidation by the company’s gangster contractor

Members of the the Coca-Cola Employees Union (CCEU) continued their protest actions on July 2, 2022, in response to management’s continued refusal to negotiate good faith and attempts to exclude the company from labour law provisions. Union members are also demanding and end to the violence and threats by goons deployed by Coca-Cola Bangladesh’s 3rd party “waste management” contractor, Md. Shahidul Islam Shahid.

The peaceful protest began on June 4, 2022, but was postponed after goons of Coca-Cola Bangladesh’s 3rd party contractor, Md. Shahidul Islam Shahid, visited workers’ homes and threatened their families with violence.  The abduction and vicious beating of the  Coca-Cola Bangladesh union president on June 7 by these goons had already created a climate of fear.

The union relocated dozens of union members and their families to temporary accommodation further away from the factory for their safety. The protests in front of the Coca-Cola factory then resumed on July 2.

One of the supervisors of Coca-Cola Bangladesh’s “waste management” contractor videoed the protest to identify the workers who joined the action. The same night goons visited the workers’ homes and threatened them and their families. They also forced workers’ family members to come to the contractor’s office near the factory. They made explicit threats, telling the father of one worker:

He is your only son. He shouldn’t join this protest anymore, otherwise he’ll be in danger.

Using his influence and connections, Md. Shahidul Islam Shahid is also threatening to have landlords to evict union members and their families if the protest continues.




  1. 氣候變化和童工——建立聯繫

2022 年 5 月 15 日至 20日在南非德班舉行的第五屆全球消除童工會議,面對著使世界重回正軌以實現可持續發展目標 8.7 的艱鉅任務,其中包於2025前消除所有童工。正如國際勞工組織所觀察到的,在缺乏社會保障和強靭就業政策的情況下,COVID-19 大流行導致幾個國家的童工大量增加,破壞了近年來取得的進展。普遍的經濟和社會危機(進一步因戰爭、衝突和流離失所而加劇)和全球糧食危機帶來了更大的挑戰。

這些挑戰在農業中最為嚴重,當中70%童工出現於農業當中。2021 年 11 月 2 日至 3 日,糧農組織全球解決方案論壇——共同採取行動結束農業中的童工勞動,推動了關於具體經驗、計劃和政策行動的討論,強調需要採取多維度和多部門的方法,並強調呼籲採取緊急行動以維持我們在可持續發展目標具體目標 8.7 下的承諾。

即將召開的第五屆消除童工勞動全球會議的行動呼籲,與 2021 年 11 月 COP26 氣候行動的緊急呼籲,以及與全面且令人震驚的聯合國跨政府氣候變化專門委員會(IPCC)第六次評估報告相一致。[1]

同樣重要的是要意識到,聯合國兒童權利委員會於 2021 年 12 月開始了協商進程,以在 2022 年底之前製定關於兒童權利和環境(特別聚焦氣候變化)的第 26 號一般性意見,從而引起人們的關注氣候變化對兒童和兒童權利的影響。[2]

國際勞工組織認識到有必要應對這兩種危機的合流,在第五屆消除童工問題全球會議的第三天(5 月 17 日)設立了一個關於氣候變化和氣候危機的專題小組。


重要的是,雖然 IPCC 第六次評估工作組的大量報告涉及氣候變化對兒童健康和福祉的影響,並且在某些情況下將兒童確定為遭受氣候變化影響的最脆弱群體之一,但沒有提及童工。

IPCC 第六次評估工作組(二)的報告《2022 年氣候變化:影響、適應和脆弱性》提供了大量證據,證明氣候變化對人類健康和福祉的影響及其與貧困、脆弱性、生計和可持續發展的相互作用。[3]當中兒童的脆弱性及其對兒童健康、心理健康,以及獲得食物和營養的影響是顯而易見的。這裡還詳細討論了氣候變化對糧食系統和農業的影響。該報告於 2022 年 2 月 27 日獲得 IPCC 的195 個成員國政府的批准,這表明這是推動政策行動的真正機會。在這種情況下,更重要的是這種討論,以及它所基於的研究,被擴展到包括農業中的童工問題。

這不是對 IPCC 工作組報告的批評,而是向我們自己的組織發出的信號,以確保童工,尤其是農業中的童工,被納入 2022 年 9 月 IPCC 第六次評估的最終綜合報告,並成為各國政府的氣候行動計劃。

穆罕默德·哈斯奈(Muhammad Hasnain)於2021年7月8日哈希姆食品廠(Hashem Foods)火災中喪生,年僅 11 歲。他是在這場悲劇中喪生的 52 名工人中的 19 名兒童之一。 哈斯奈從他位於博拉島(Bhola Island)查法松(Char Fasson)的村莊,受到氣候變化的嚴  嚴重影響的地區,被帶到達卡郊區的納拉楊甘傑市 (Narayanganj)。IUF 團隊發現他的父親是一名農業工人,因重病無法工作。

博拉島的洪水、河流侵蝕、海岸侵蝕和極端天氣導致生計喪失,特別是在小規模漁業和農業方面。在 2021 年 7 月 8 日的哈希姆食品廠(Hashem Foods) 火災悲劇中喪生的 19 名兒童中的大多數來自 Bhola 島。

氣候變化與農業童工之間的聯繫有幾個方面需要解決。舉例因氣候變化,使流離失所的兒童更易遭受童工的剝削。在幾個國家,我們已經看到海平面上升和極端天氣事件所造成的流離失所,如何導致童工增加。我們應該記得,在 2021 年 7 月 8 日孟加拉哈希姆食品廠(Hashem Foods)火災悲劇中喪生的 19 名兒童,他們大多數來自博拉島(Bhola Island),該地區受到氣候變化的嚴重影響。由於洪水、河流侵蝕、海岸侵蝕和極端天氣造成的極端貧困和生計損失,這些兒童很容易受到勞務中介的操控,將他們帶到 190 公里外的達卡郊區納拉楊甘傑市(Narayanganj)的工廠工作。[4]







2. 農業中的熱壓力、健康和危險工作

幾十年來,暴露於極端高溫和熱壓力相關的風險,一直是組織、教育和倡議農業和種植園工人健康和安全權利的一個重要問題。這直接促成了 2001 年農業安全與健康公約(第 184 號)2001 年農業安全與健康建議書(第 192 號)2011年農業安全與健康實踐守則的通過。

2021 年,我們建議採取綜合方法終止農業中的童工現象,既要減少農藥使用,又要加強對農業工人健康和安全的保護。[5]這種方法的一個關鍵部分是禁止使用極其危險的殺蟲劑,例如百草枯和草甘膦(不能安全使用),並根據它們對工人健康和環境構成的具體風險,減少和限制殺蟲劑的使用。在這方面,第 184 號公約、第 192 號建議書和守則為國家和地方層面的政策和實踐提供了重要基礎。[6]

第 192 號建議書和守則專門針對在高溫環境和熱壓力下工作的問題。守則第 17 章列出了與天氣和環境相關的風險,包括熱暴露並定義了熱壓力。[7]


脫水對健康的影響也在守則中描述如下: 脫水是農業工人的主要問題,可能是致命的。在其初始階段,它會導致以下症狀,例如低於正常水平的出汗、昏厥、精神錯亂、頭暈、頭痛、痱子、易怒、失去協調、肌肉痙攣和疲憊。然而,嚴重脫水可能是致命的,當出現其他症狀時,例如失去口渴感覺,立即採取補救措施至關重要。

該守則確定了諸如在陰涼休息區充分休息等措施,並規定“僱主應提供足夠數量的清潔飲用水”,這些飲用水可供工人隨時取用。第 192 號建議書第 10 (a) 段要求僱主提供“充足的安全飲用水供應”。該守則還確定需要調整工作節奏,減少高溫暴露和熱壓力風險。

儘管人們認識到脫水的嚴重影響和獲得飲用水的權利,種植園和農場的工人仍在為獲得充足、安全飲用水的權利而奮鬥。 2015 年世界水日,IUF 發表了《如果水就是生命…什麼農業工人每年都因缺乏飲用水而死亡?》來強調這個問題。其中一個例子包括印度馬哈拉施特拉邦(Kolhapur)的甘蔗切割工,他們不得不喝與牲畜相同的水源。[8]


即使有水,也經常是不潔或被殺蟲劑污染。在菲律賓棉蘭老島(Mindanao)的香蕉種植園,未經宣布的空中噴灑殺菌劑,引起了人們對僱主提供的水污染的擔憂。工人們唯有選擇去附近的家庭索要飲用水。第 192 號建議書第 7 (b) 段特別要求對化學品進行健全管理,其中包括“防止食品、飲用水、洗滌和灌溉水源污染的措施”。


獲得清潔飲用水是防止脫水和降低與熱壓力相關的風險的若干必要措施之一。這不僅僅是即時、短期緩解熱疲勞或熱衰竭的問題,它涉及更嚴重的長期傷害和疾病。 IUF 於 2014 年 11 月 7 日向糧食安全和營養高級別專家小組 (HLPE) 提交的關於水和糧食安全的諮詢意見指出,“影響中美洲製糖廠的慢性腎病流行,與熱壓力和脫水有關。”[11]

在巴基斯坦信德省沙赫達浦的桑克爾區(Sanghar district in Shahdadpur, Sindh, Pakistan),與父母一起工作的兒童從事佃農工作。此時的溫度超過45攝氏度。成人和兒童都無法獲得飲用水。然而,兒童更容易遭受脫水和熱應激的影響。

2016 年一項關於氣候變化、熱壓力和農村社區新出現的慢性腎病 (CKD) 流行之間關係的研究,為中美洲、北美和南亞的這一聯繫提供了重要概述。[12]此後,對北美和中美洲農業工人的幾項新研究證實了急性腎損傷 (AKI)、慢性腎病 (CKD)和熱壓力引起的脫水之間的聯繫。[13]值得注意的是,由於住房環境炎熱,農業工人在脫水情況下開始工作。他們傾向在陽光下體力消耗或工作結束時才喝水(如果有的話),這可能會增加急性腎損傷 (AKI) 和 慢性腎病 (CKD) 的風險。


由於這些種植園、農場和田地中也存在童工,並且由於 COVID-19 大流行而在幾個國家有所增加,我們還必須了解熱壓力對從事這些相同農業活動的兒童健康的影響。


  1. 氣候變化、熱壓力與兒童健康

聯合國跨政府氣候變化專門委員會(IPCC)第六次評估工作組(二),氣候變化 2022:影響、適應和脆弱性借鑒了幾項研究,表明暴露於極端高溫、熱壓力和熱衰竭可能對兒童的健康和福祉產生重大影響。報告總結如下:

  • 鑑於兒童的生理和新陳代謝不成熟,並且與成人相比,他們攝入的空氣、食物和水的攝入量高於他們的體重,因此他們通常具有獨特的接觸氣候危害的途徑和對氣候危害的敏感性。
  • 氣候變化預計會增加低收入國家兒童營養不良和傳染病的風險,因為它對家庭食物獲取、膳食多樣性、營養質量、水以及孕產婦和兒童保育和母乳喂養的變化產生影響
  • 生活在衛生條件差的地區的兒童特別容易患胃腸道疾病,在許多氣候變化情下,兒童腹瀉病的未來發病率預計會上升。
  • 兒童的戶外娛樂機會可能會因極端天氣事件、高溫和空氣質量差而減少。
  • 兒童和青少年在極端天氣事件後特別容易受到創傷後壓力的影響,這種影響可能是長期的,甚至影響到他們的成人功能。

這些觀察結果引起了人們對氣候變化和兒童健康的關注。然而,仍然迫切需要提高我們對氣候變化如何具體影響兒童健康的理解。在包括 IPCC 報告在內的大多數研究中,兒童往往與其他弱勢群體歸為一類。在廣泛審視氣候變化和兒童健康的研究後,“對氣候變化和兒童健康的關註明顯不足;許多研究僅將兒童作為分析的一個亞群。”由於這個和其他缺點,我們面臨著巨大的知識差距。[15]審視後得出的結論:




巴基斯坦開伯爾普赫圖赫瓦省馬爾丹(Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan)煙草種植業的童工。農民聲稱兒童只從事輕便安全工作,兒童遠離危險工作。但是,從 5 月底到 8 月初,氣溫會超過 40 攝氏度。 7 月份的濕度達到 39%,8 月份達到 49%。溫度升高與兒童接觸農藥的交互影響需要進一步調查。

Gomes、Carneiro-Junior 和 Marins 於 2013 年進行的著名研究發現,兒童更容易出現熱衰竭和脫水。這是由於汗腺發育不全(降低出汗降溫的能力),以及兒童的體表面積與體重之比較高,這意味著他們在炎熱氣候下無法像成年人那樣有效地散熱。在進行相同類型的工作時,兒童產生的熱量(提高核心體溫)比成人多。[17]糧農組織 2018 年發表的一份關於管理農業工作熱量的工作文件也提到了 2013 年的這項研究,並得出結論認為,在炎熱的條件下,兒童患與高溫有關的疾病的風險可能更高。[18]



最近對農業中兒童的熱壓力和脫水進行了研究。這方面的一個重要例子是對北卡羅來納州(North Carolina)拉丁裔兒童農場工人與熱相關疾病的研究,該研究利用對農場工作兒童的廣泛採訪。[20]這項研究是農學同行(Student Action with Farmworkers)與社區組織者一起進行的,是了解氣候變化與兒童健康,特別是與童工之間關係所需的創新研究努力的一個很好的例子。

在孟加拉國法里德布爾(Faridpur, Bangladesh),兒童與成年工人一起在洋蔥田工作。此時溫度為 35 至 39 攝氏度,夜間“感覺”溫度平均為 27 攝氏度。濕度接近 57%。



  1. 氣候變化和安全工作時間的喪失



醫學期刊剌針(The Lancet)於 2021 年發表《健康和氣候變化的倒數報告:健康未來的紅色警告》,警告由於暴露於極端高溫,而導致工作時間損失的後果:

在人類發展指數(HDI)處於中低水平的國家,農業工人是受極端溫度影響最嚴重的,承擔了 2020 年因高溫造成的 2950 億潛在工作時間損失的近一半。這些損失的工作時間對這些已經脆弱的工人可能會造成毀滅性的經濟損失[22]

報告指出,2020 年,在低人類發展指數的國家,因極端高溫而損失的所有潛在工作時間中有 79% 發生在農業部門,並提出了高溫暴露對工作時間的影響也可能影響糧食生產的擔憂,從而導致進一步的負面影響人類健康。

最近於 2021 年 12 月發表的一項研究考察了熱帶森林砍伐和氣候變化的影響,以及這如何導致與熱相關的疾病、職業傷害和死亡率(來自多種原因)的發生率增加。[23]森林砍伐、氣溫升高、熱壓力和工作天數減少之間的聯繫,為我們了解的各種相互關聯的問題提供了寶貴的見解。該研究得出結論:



農業工人、種植園工人和邊緣農民工會也報告說,晚上時候在較涼的溫度下工作意味著這些是“安全工作時間”,可以降低熱應激風險,但其他風險會增加。在黎明和黃昏工作,以及在黑暗中往返農田和種植園會增加身體受傷的風險。更重要的是,瘧疾和登革熱等蚊媒疾病的風險更大。值得注意的是,這是早先 聯合國跨政府氣候變化專門委員會(IPCC)第五次評估工作組(二)《2014 年氣候變化:影響、適應和脆弱性》中提到的職業健康問題之一。[24]




巴基斯坦信德省(Sindh, Pakistan)的女佃農是女工工會 Sindh Nari Porhyat Council的成員,她們更清楚脫水、中暑和熱疲勞對健康的影響。他們還調整了工作時間,以避免一天中最熱的部分。然而,他們的工作節奏和強度取決於作物的份額而不是固定工資。工作更慢意味著收入更少,更深地陷入貧困。








如果沒有聯合國秘書長在 2021 年 9 月呼籲的那種全面的社會保護和消除貧困,這家庭債務只會繼續上升。家庭債務是童工的主要驅動力。

  1. 重新定義兒童的危險工作

1999 年最惡劣形式的童工勞動建議書(第 190 號)中對“危險工作”的定義包括:

  1. (d) 在不健康的環境中工作,可能使兒童暴露於例如有害物質、試劑或工序,或暴露於損害他們健康的溫度、噪音水平或振動;

在越來越熱的環境中,從事農業活動的兒童面臨熱壓力和與熱相關的疾病的風險,因此成為危險工作。連同 1999 年最惡劣形式童工勞動公約(第 182 號)第 2 條中對童工的定義,所有 18 歲以下的人都被禁止從事“根據其性質或情況進行”可能會損害兒童的健康和安全。可以說,氣候變化引起的極端高溫屬於對工作環境的理解。

對從事輕工並受職業訓練以獲取經驗的15-17歲青年來說,暴露於陽光和更熱環境是一個新挑戰。在野外工作和學習的安全時間正在減少,與高溫有關的疾病的風險正在上升。這對青年就業和職業培訓的影響可能是毀滅性的,削弱他們未來賺取收入和改善生計的能力。如果氣候變化導致熱壓力和脫水風險增加,即使是 12-14 歲兒童可能在課外時間和有限時間內從事的安全農業任務也可能成為危險工作。

這需要採取緊急行動,將氣溫上升和極端高溫事件納入監管危險工作的政策和法律框架中。目前根據第 190 號建議制定的一些危險工作清單,似乎過於聚焦行業或職業內的工作類型,指的是工作過程和該過程固有的危險。然而,工作的情況必須包括不斷變化的環境條件。重要的是重申第 4 條建立了三方協商程序,政府、僱主組織和工會通過該程序對法律法規提出意見,並製定危險工作清單。根據第 4 條第 3 款,必須與有關僱主和工人組織協商,定期審查和修訂此清單,而不是保持不變。



  1. 邁向共同議程







國際食品勞聯 亞洲/太平洋



[1] 第六次評估報告 (AR6) 將於 2022 年完成,其三個工作組將做出貢獻:第一工作組評估氣候變化的物理科學;第二工作組評估社會經濟和自然系統對氣候變化的脆弱性、氣候變化的消極和積極後果以及適應氣候變化的選擇;第三工作組側重於減緩氣候變化、評估減少溫室氣體排放的方法以及從大氣中清除溫室氣體。

[2] OHCHR | Concept note: General comment on children’s rights and the environment with a special focus on climate change

[3] IPCC, 2022: Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation, and VulnerabilityContribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [H.-O. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, M. Tignor, E.S. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, A. Alegría, M. Craig, S. Langsdorf, S. Löschke, V. Möller, A. Okem, B. Rama (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press. In Press.

[4] Sajeeb Group Workers Justice Committee calls for Hashem Foods fire tragedy and child labour to be incorporated into ILO Road Map – IUF Asia-Pacific (

[5] Comprehensive action to end child labour in agriculture must include banning extremely hazardous pesticides and ratifying ILO Convention No.184 – IUF Asia-Pacific (

[6] Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention, 2001 (No. 184)

[7] ILO Code of Practice on safety and health in agriculture (2011).

[8] IUF. If water is life… why do agricultural workers die every year from lack of access to potable water? Geneva. March 22, 2015.

[9] World Water Day: women workers on Indian tea plantations supplying global brands demand their right to water and sanitation – IUF March 22, 2018; India: Women’s Water and Sanitation Committees fight to secure water facilities on tea plantations – IUF March 26, 2020;

[10] IUF Asia/Pacific Land & Freedom Regional Meeting, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 19-20, 2019.

[11] IUF submission to the High-Level Panel of Experts for Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE) consultation on water and food security, Geneva, November 7, 2014.

[12] Glaser J, Lemery J, Rajagopalan B, Diaz HF, García-Trabanino R, Taduri G, Madero M, Amarasinghe M, Abraham G, Anutrakulchai S, Jha V, Stenvinkel P, Roncal-Jimenez C, Lanaspa MA, Correa-Rotter R, Sheikh-Hamad D, Burdmann EA, Andres-Hernando A, Milagres T, Weiss I, Kanbay M, Wesseling C, Sánchez-Lozada LG, Johnson RJ. Climate Change and the Emergent Epidemic of CKD from Heat Stress in Rural Communities: The Case for Heat Stress Nephropathy. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 2016 Aug 8;11(8):1472-83.

[13] See Mix J, Elon L, Vi Thien Mac V, Flocks J, Economos E, Tovar-Aguilar AJ, Stover Hertzberg V, McCauley LA. Hydration Status, Kidney Function, and Kidney Injury in Florida Agricultural Workers. Journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2018 May. 60(5):e253-e260; Butler-Dawson J, Krisher L, Yoder H, Dally M, Sorensen C, Johnson RJ, Asensio C, Cruz A, Johnson EC, Carlton EJ, Tenney L, Asturias EJ, Newman LS. Evaluation of heat stress and cumulative incidence of acute kidney injury in sugarcane workers in Guatemala. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2019, October. 92:977–990; Moyce S, Mitchell D, Armitage T, Tancredi D, Joseph J, Schenker M. Heat strain, volume depletion and kidney function in California agricultural workers. Journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2017 June. 74(6):402-409.

[14] Johnson RJ, Sánchez-Lozada LG, Newman LS, Lanaspa MA, Diaz HF, Lemery J, Rodriguez-Iturbe B, Tolan DR, Butler-Dawson J, Sato Y, Garcia G, Hernando AA, Roncal-Jimenez CA. Climate Change and the Kidney. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2019;74 Suppl 3:38-44.

[15] Helldén, D., Camilla Andersson, C., Nilsson, M., Ebi, K.L., Friberg, P., Alfvén, T. Climate change and child health: a scoping review and an expanded conceptual framework. The Lancet Planetary Health. 5 (3). March 2021. E164-E175.

[16] Helldén, D., Camilla Andersson, C., Nilsson, M., Ebi, K.L., Friberg, P., Alfvén, T. Climate change and child health: a scoping review and an expanded conceptual framework. The Lancet Planetary Health. 5 (3). March 2021. E164-E175.

[17] Gomes, L.H.L.S., Carneiro-Junior, M.A. & Marins, J.C.B. 2013. Thermoregulatory responses of children exercising in a hot environment. Revista Paulista de Pediatria, 31(1): 104–110.

[18] Staal Wästerlund, D. 2018. Managing heat in agricultural work: increasing worker safety and productivity by controlling heat exposure. Forestry Working Paper No. 1. Rome, FAO.

[19] International Labour Organization. 2011. Children in hazardous work: what we know, what we need to know. Geneva, Switzerland.

[20] Arnold TJ, Arcury TA, Sandberg JC, Quandt SA, Talton JW, Mora DC, Kearney GD, Chen H, Wiggins MF, Daniel SS. Heat-Related Illness Among Latinx Child Farmworkers in North Carolina: A Mixed-Methods Study. New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy 2020 Aug;30(2):111-126.

[21] Cicero Z de Lima et al. Heat stress on agricultural workers exacerbates crop impacts of climate change. Environmental Research Letters,2021. Volume 16, Number 4.

[22] The 2021 report of the Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: code red for a healthy future, The Lancet. 398 (10311), Oct 30, 2021, pp.1619-1662.

[23] Nicholas H Wolff, Lucas R Vargas Zeppetello, Luke A Parsons, Ike Aggraeni, David S Battisti, Kristie L Ebi, Edward T Game, Timm Kroeger, Yuta J Masuda, June T Spector. The effect of deforestation and climate change on all-cause mortality and unsafe work conditions due to heat exposure in Berau, Indonesia: a modelling study. The Lancet Planetary Health. 2021, December. 5 (12) E882-E892.

[24] IPCC Fifth Assessment Working Group II, Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability.

[25] Bennett CM, McMichael AJ. Non-heat related impacts of climate change on working populations. Global Health Action. 2010;3:10.3402.

[26] eliminating child labour in agriculture needs guaranteed living wages, fair crop prices and freedom from debt – IUF Asia-Pacific (

[27] Delhi Platform, Gujarat Agricultural Labour Union (GALU) and International Union of Food Workers (IUF). Where Have All the Seasons Gone? Current Impacts of Climate Change in Gujarat. New Delhi, 2011.

[28] eliminating child labour in agriculture needs guaranteed living wages, fair crop prices and freedom from debt – IUF Asia-Pacific (


404 truth not found – news media censored as Coca-Cola Bangladesh management denies responsibility for brutal attack on union president

404 truth not found – news media censored as Coca-Cola Bangladesh management denies responsibility for brutal attack on union president

A news story published on June 14 under the headline কোকাকোলার কারখানায় ‘আন্দোলন দমাতে’ শ্রমিকনেতাদের ওপর হামলা [Attack on workers’ leaders to suppress movement at Coca-Cola factory] described last week’s brutal attack on the union president  by goons of a 3rd party waste management contractor for Coca-Cola Bangladesh. Within two hours the story disappeared due to what one source simply described as “pressure”.

After being released from hospital and recovering, the union president went to the police station on June 15 to follow up on the complaint filed against Coca-Cola management over his abduction and vicious assault. The police claimed no such complaint exists. This is despite the fact that the Coca-Cola Bangladesh management named in the police complaint had raised concern about allegations of their involvement. Instead of challenging these allegations, the police complaint – like the news story – disappeared.

Meanwhile, goons of the 3rd party waste management contractor providing services to Coca-Cola Bangladesh continued following union members home, intimidating and threatening them. In the factory managers and supervisors told workers they will be terminated if they resume their protest actions.

With protests stopped and the disappearance of the police complaint and the only news media story, the ground has been laid for Coca-Cola Bangladesh to now claim that nothing actually happened. If that occurs, then it will be a massive failure of corporate governance. Making the evidence disappear is not the purpose or intent of the human rights due diligence that should have protected union leaders and members in the first place.